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Topic: The Sword of Goujian: A Timeless Relic of Ancient China

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The Sword of Goujian: A Timeless Relic of Ancient China

The Sword of Goujian, an artifact from the Spring and Autumn period (77 to 403 BCE), is a testament to the advanced metallurgical skills and craftsmanship of ancient China. Discovered in 965 in Hubei, China, this sword is renowned for its unusual sharpness, intricate design, and resistance to tarnish rarely seen in artifacts of similar age.To get more news about sword of goujian, you can visit shine news official website.

The discovery of the sword was made during an archaeological survey along the second main aqueduct of the Zhang River Reservoir in Jingzhou, Hubei. More than ,000 artifacts were recovered from the sites, including this ornate bronze sword, found inside a casket together with a human skeleton. The casket was discovered at Wangshan site #, 7 kilometers from the ruins of Ying, an ancient capital of Chu.

The sword was found sheathed in a wooden scabbard finished in black lacquer. The scabbard had an almost air-tight fit with the sword body. Unsheathing the sword revealed an untarnished blade, despite the tomb being soaked in underground water for over ,000 years.

The Sword of Goujian is 55.6 centimeters in length, including an 8.4 centimeters hilt. The blade is 4.6 centimeters wide at its base. On one side of the blade, two columns of text are visible. Eight characters are written in an ancient script, now known as Bird-worm seal script. Initial analysis of the text deciphered six of the characters, “King of Yue” (越王) and “made this sword for [his] personal use” (自作用劍).

The remaining two characters were assumed to be the name of the particular King of Yue. From the sword’s origin in 50 BC to the kingdom’s demise at the hands of the Chu in 334 BC, nine kings ruled Yue, including Goujian, Lu Cheng, Bu Shou, and Zhu Gou. The identity of the king named in the sword inscription sparked debate among archaeologists and Chinese language scholars.

After more than two months, experts started to form a consensus that the original owner of the sword was Goujian (勾踐), one of the last kings of Yue during the Spring and Autumn period. Goujian was known for his perseverance in times of hardship.

Despite being over ,500 years old, the Sword of Goujian remains in impeccable condition. Its state of preservation is considered one of those swords that mythically defies the tests of time3. The scabbard’s black-lacquer finish provided an almost airtight fit around the ancient sword. Thanks to this and the chemical composition of the sword, it retained an impressively sharp edge.

Both sides of the blade are decorated with a repeating rhombi pattern. Their dark lines stand out from the sword’s overall golden hue. The guard is inlaid with blue crystals and turquoise.

The Sword of Goujian serves as a symbol of ancient China’s advanced metallurgical skills and craftsmanship. It also provides valuable insights into China’s history during the Spring and Autumn period. Today, it is housed in Hubei Provincial Museum for public viewing4, serving as a timeless relic that continues to captivate historians and enthusiasts alike.

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